FARC and government release statement on next phase of implementation of peace agreement

News from Colombia | on: Monday, 29 May 2017

Joint Declaration No. 19
CSIVI Declaration on fulfilling international commitments, D+180 and the next phase of implementation.

Bogotá, 29th May 2017

During the last two weeks the Follow-up, Promotion and Implementation Commission of the Final Agreement (CSIVI), formed of representatives of the Government of Colombia and FARC-EP, has met continuously in Bogotá with the aim of ensuring the fulfilment of the commitments which the Final Agreement outlines, including those relating to D+180 and planning the next phase of implementation.

As a result of this work, a roadmap has been produced which includes decisions on the following matters:

I. Conversion of Transitional Zones into Territorial Areas of Qualification and Reincorporation:

• A transition period will be established between 1st June and 1st August, during which the current governance of the Transitional Zones will be maintained. During this period the conversion of the Transitional Zones into Territorial Areas of Qualification and Reincorporation will be prepared, including the relevant meetings and discussions with departmental, municipal and community authorities. Preparations for the reincorporation of FARC-EP members will also move forward.

• On August 1st 2017 the Transitional Zones will be converted into Territorial Areas of Qualification and Reincorporation, in conditions of total institutional normality. The Areas will be used to prepare FARC-EP members for their reincorporation into civilian life, prepare productive projects and will look after the technical training needs of neighbouring communities, using a model of community reincorporation.

• With the aim of explaining the different aspects of the implementation of the Final Agreement, visits will be made to the Transitional Zones on behalf of the Peace Commission of the Republic of Colombia, members of the FARC-EP who are part of the CSIVI, the National Reincorporation Council and the Secretariat, as well as the different state entities responsible for the reincorporation of FARC-EP members into civilian life and the general implementation of the Final Agreement.

II. Commitments of the FARC-EP

With due regard to the remaining commitments assumed in the Final Agreement, the FARC-EP are committed to:

1. Implementation of D+180:

• From 1st June to 20th June, all members of the FARC-EP, including militias, will have completed the process of laying down of arms and the transition to legality, except for those who have to perform cache identification, arms removal and ZVTN camp security duties. The United Nations will take the arms, store them in containers and certify the laying down of arms by each individual member of the FARC-EP. After signing the Act of Commitment, FARCE-EP members will receive certification on behalf of the Office of the High Commissioner for Peace (OACP) which allows them to undertake the transition to legality. This process will take place between 5th and 20th June 2017.

• Before the ZVTN are dissolved, the United Nations will proceed with the removal of all collected arms. The UN will control, monitor and verify the containers. By 1st August at the latest, the United Nations will have removed all containers from the ZVTN and will certify the compliance of the FARC-EP with the decommissioning of weapons process.

• A detailed plan was agreed upon for the removal of arms and the destruction of unstable material (explosives) present in FARC-EP caches, a plan that will be implemented by the United Nations and the FARC-EP, which must be achieved over the next three (3) months by 1st June 2017. The plan includes all the information needed for the location of arms caches by the United Nations and the schedule for removal. The United Nations, in coordination with the FARC-EP, will be able to request security or any other support that they require from the Colombian National Police and the Military Forces. Caches that have not been dismantled will remain at the disposal of the Colombian Government, which will rely on the collaboration of ex-FARC-EP members to work with the Colombian Government in the location and dismantling of said caches.

• Before 1st August, the Colombian Government and the FARC-EP will agree the construction of the 3 monuments mentioned in the Final Agreement.

III. Commitments of the Colombian Government:

With due regard to the remaining commitments assumed in the Final Agreement, the Government of Colombia is committed to:

1. Legal security:

• The Colombian Government will take all the necessary steps to ensure the granting of amnesty or conditional freedom, before finalizing the decommissioning process, to all members of the FARC-EP accredited in OACP lists who are still deprived of their liberty.

• Arrest warrants for each member of the FARC-EP will be suspended once they have completed laying down their arms and the transition to legality, pending their legal situation having been resolved through the granting of amnesty or within the JEP (Special Jurisdiction for Peace).

• A presidential resolution will be issued under the terms of Law 1820 to grant amnesty to all members of the FARC-EP certified by the OACP who are not in prison.

2. Physical security:

In the next few hours decree-laws will be issued regarding:

• The Comprehensive Security System for the exercise of politics.

• The Special Investigation Unit of the Public Prosecutor's Office which takes into account subparagraph 74 of the JEP.

• The Elite Corps of Police (Cuerpo Élite de Policía) will be set up, within the terms of the Final Agreement, no later than 15th June 2017, which as a matter of priority will take action against criminal organizations who are active in areas that were formerly under FARC-EP control.

• Pilot schemes for the dismantling of criminal organizations in Buenaventura and Tumaco will be launched no later than 15th June 2017.

• In the week of 5th June training by the National Protection Unit of designated members of the FARC-EP who have surrendered their arms to the United Nations and have been certified by the OACP will begin.

3. Socio-economic Security:

• Once they have completed the process of laying down of arms and the transition to legality, members of the FARC-EP will receive the necessary support for their reincorporation under the terms of the Final Agreement (basic monthly income equivalent to 90% of minimum wage for 24 months, single normalization allowance, productive projects, housing projects, etc.)

• In the next few hours decree-laws concerning economic and social reincorporation and the reform of the Colombian Agency for the Reintegration of Persons and Armed Groups will be issued.

• A working group will be set up to structure and recommend viable productive projects to be implemented by ECOMUN [The cooperative project that the former combatants will develop]or other organisations within the following 60 days. The resources for implementing these projects will be delivered within 30 days after they are made feasible by the CNR [National Reincorporation Council].

• The implementation of the pilot projects run by the Ministry of Agriculture in the Transitional Zones will be concluded before the zones come to an end.

IV. International verification and monitoring

By 30th June 2017 all aspects of international verification must be in action, this meaning:

• The Colombian Government and the FARC-EP will request the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the United Nations Security Council to anticipate the task of verifying the mandate of a second United Nations mission, if possible, before 10th July.

• Beginning the verification of the notables, activation of the technical secretariat and the technical support of the Kroc Institute before 30th June.

• All elements of international monitoring will also be activated.

• The first United Nations mission will continue until the end of its mandate.

The guarantor countries, Cuba and Norway, will continue to accompany the CISIVI at least until the end of the decommissioning of weapons process. Both parties appreciate the work carried out by the guarantor countries in the peace process, their dedication and express their highest esteem for them.



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